Expiation (kaffara) of breaking the oath
- August 27, 2013
- Posted by: FPM
- Category: Fiqh, Resources
If one breaks his oath, expiation (kaffara) will be binding upon him.Allah Most High says: “Allah will not call you to account for what is futile (lagw) in your oaths, but He will call you to account for your deliberate oaths.” (al-Ma’ida, 89) The method of the expiation of an oath has been mentioned by Allah Most High in the following verse: “For expiation, feed ten poor persons, on a scale of the average for the food of your families; or clothe them; or give a slave his freedom. If that is beyond your means, fast for three days. That is the expiation (kaffara) for the oaths you have sworn.” (al-Ma’ida, 89) In light of the above verse of the Qur’an, the following is the method of expiation (kaffara) for an oath that is broken: 1) If one wishes, then he may free a slave (of no relevance in our times), or, If one wishes, he may feed ten destitute people, morning and evening (or one poor person for ten days), or, if he wishes, he may clothe ten destitute people, (giving) each of them one garment or more, the minimum of (each) being that in which salah is valid. One may also give the equivalent of the above in money. 2) If one is not capable of any of these three things, one must fast three consecutive days. The common mistake is to jump to fasting first without following the order of the quran.